Does the Earth belong to human beings?

Written by Dzaki Alfarid

Various catchwords say that the earth is our common home so we must protect it, but why do we still need permission to enter certain areas? Everyone needs to have a passport to enter certain areas. If so, the earth is not our common home? Before answering all those questions,

What is a Passport?

Source: Pinterest

Summarily, a passport is a travel document. Passports are usually issued by the government of a country to its citizens, stating the identity and nationality of the handle especially for the purpose of international travel or abroad.

For example, if we are Indonesian citizens and asked for an identity in Indonesia, we will issue a KTP, whereas if we are abroad, we will show our passport.

Passports usually contain information such as name, place, and date of birth, photo, signature, and other relevant identifying information. Many countries have started issuing or planning to issue biometric passports that contain embedded microchips, making them machine-readable and difficult to forge. As of January 2019, there are more than 150 regions that issue electronic passports. With microchips and holograms, biometric photos, and barcode, today’s passports look like a charming modern technological feat, especially when considering its origins can be traced back to the BC era.

Source: google

In BC, the passport did not have the term it is today. One of the earliest references to passports is made around 450 BC. Nehemiah, a man who worked as a royal cupbearer or an official serving King Artaxerxes of ancient Persia, asked permission to travel to Judah. The king agreed and gave Nehemiah a letter “to the provincial governors outside the river” requesting safe passage for him as he traveled through their land.

Every year, the passport grows continuously. From before the first world war, passports were known to many people. But all changed in 1920 when the idea of a world passport standard emerged after the First World War, which was championed by the League of Nations, a body charged with maintaining peace. A year later, perhaps because of political opportunities, the US passed the Emergency Quota Act of 1921 and later, the Immigration Act of 1924 which restricted the entry of immigrants.

What is the emergency? Too many new immigrants from countries are seen as a threat to America’s “ideal of hegemony (domination or control of one country’s political, economic, or military over another)”.

So what solutions do they get to identify the country of origin of immigrants?

Yes, that’s right, by making a new “passport”

Source: Pinterest

Passports also continue to survive and develop until our time. We all already know what form and information this little book called passport has. With the quick development of technology in this world, it cannot be denied that passport-making technology will also continue to develop and become more sophisticated. Even now there have been circulating about electronic passports, where we don’t need a passport in the form of a book as usual.

Maybe some of you will be surprised with a face that is amazed by technology, and some of you will be frightened with a face shrunk and shook your head.

Many people argue that with this technological advancement it makes it even more difficult for themselves who want to travel abroad, the difference is, the steps to make this passport will be more numerous and complicated.

From the matter of privacy, time, and the sense that everyone has the right to go anywhere but is even limited by this passport.

So many perspectives regarding the purpose and importance of this passport. This is how beautiful the world that God designed, a country will have a leader each. The state also has to guard its borders and territories to protect its people, one of which is to anticipate with this passport.

But then again, is there any hidden purpose for this passport?

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